Native Inhabitants of Canada
Canada serves as home to a diverse group of Indian tribes. The majority of Indians living in Canada are Inuit or Metis. In addition, the First Nations people also live throughout Canada. According to the Canadian Constitution Act of 1982, there three prominent groups of Aboriginal people formally recognized by the government. Together, these are the Inuits, the Metis, and the First Nations people.
The First Nations citizens are found within the largest tribe in Canada. Over 600,000 Canadians consider themselves a part of the First Nations tribe. Over 70 languages comprise the linguistic aspect of the First Nations tribe. The First Nations flag is created with the traditional Canadian flag. There are three bold stripes, including a red one on either side. In the middle there is a white stripe that features a portrait of an Indian chief.
The Inuit Indians are the least populated indian group in Canada. About 45,000 Canadians self-identify as part of the Inuit tribe. When the Europeans first arrived to Canada, they tragically caused the deaths of many Inuits. Many of the whalers and explorers brought new diseases that had never been experienced by the Inuits, thus they did not have immunity to fight against the diseases. Recently, the Canadian government has begun to recognize the Inuits by building schools in its areas of residence in Canada. Unfortunately, however, the Inuit Indians do not qualify for treaty benefits under the Indian Act.
Over 292,000 people identity themselves as part of the Metis tribe in Canada. The Metis people prefer to define themselves only by the word "Metis" as opposed to Aboriginal. Some of the smaller tribes within the Metis tribe include the Ojibway, Algonquin, and Menoiminee people. There are only two prominent languages found within the Metis tribe and spoken frequently by the Metis people, which are Metis French and Michif.